An Enquiry into Oral Health in Diabetic Patients of Kahuta, District Rawalpindi: A Cross Sectional Study


  • Naveen Farooq Department of Dental Public Health, HBS Medical & Dental College, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Mudassir Abbasi Department of Biostatistics, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan.
  • Ayesha Ayaz Department of Public Health, Bahria University, Karachi.
  • Nadia Rehman Alvi Department of Public Health, Health Services Academy
  • Sarah Ali Department of Dental Education & Research, HBS Medical & Dental College, Islamabad, Pakistan,



Diabetes, oral health, knowledge, attitudes, practices


Background: The main purpose of this study is to evaluate the oral health of diabetic patients through the application of Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP), since periodontitis considered to be one of the complications of diabetes.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at THQ hospital, Kahuta district Rawalpindi, where 104 diabetic patients were selected as study participants. Data was collected by using a structured questionnaire and further analysis was done by using SPSS 21.

Results: The study showed that only 38.5% of the participants had adequate knowledge regarding oral manifestations of diabetes. The oral health attitudes and compliance of suggested oral cleanliness practices were also poor. The study results showed that 55% of the diabetic patients brushed their teeth once a day. While only 16.3% brushed twice a day. 39.4% of the participants did not visit the dental clinic within the last 1 year.

Conclusion: The study concluded that knowledge about the oral complications was deficient in the diabetic patients. There is need to improve the oral health knowledge of the diabetic patients along with emphasis on adaptation of oral hygiene practices, regular dental visits and strict glycemic control.


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How to Cite

Farooq, N., Abbasi, M., Ayaz, A., Alvi, N. R., & Ali, S. (2022). An Enquiry into Oral Health in Diabetic Patients of Kahuta, District Rawalpindi: A Cross Sectional Study. Pakistan Journal of Public Health, 12(2), 77–82.