Evaluation of Knowledge, Practices, Attitude, and Anxiety of Nurses towards COVID-19 during the Current Outbreak in Karachi, Pakistan


  • Shaheena Salman Alwani Section Head Clinical Nursing, Liaquat National Hospital and Medical College, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Mansoor Majeed Assistant Professor & Head, Department of Oral Biology, Altamash Institute of Dental Medicine, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Zoobia Ramzan Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi.
  • Shahzad Rauf Associate Professor, Department of psychiatry, Bahria University Medical & Dental College, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Saad Syed Ophthalmologist, Layton Rahmatulla Benevolent Trust Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Sheikh Haroon Shah Assistant Professor, Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Liaquat National Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Monia Zeeshan Hirwani Head Nurse Eye & ENT Service line, Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Pakistan
  • Faiq Hamirani Resident of Psychiatry, Metro Health System, Cleveland, USA




Perceptions, infectious disease, pandemic, healthcare workers


Background: Since the emergence of the novel coronavirus, the front line soldiers during this pandemic are the healthcare professionals because of their direct association with COVID19 patients. In the management of such patients, nurses play a significant role through proper care and preventive measures. Due to its contagious nature, fatality, and no proper medicine, it is a risk to the health and life of nurses and has an impact on their psychological health. The aim of the current study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, practices, and anxiety levels of the frontline nurses.

Methods: It was an online questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey targeting only those nurses involved in the management of COVID-19 patients from different hospitals of Karachi, Pakistan. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis. Descriptive analysis, Chi-Square, and t-tests were applied. P-value <0.05 was considered significant.

Results: Data of 78 nurses were analyzed. We observed that nurses possess good knowledge about COVID-19, its sources, symptoms, and routes of transmission of the Virus, etc. The knowledge mean score was calculated at 14.67 ± 3.36. Health Department /Hospital and social media are the main sources of information regarding COVID-19. We investigated that 92.3% of the nurses had mild to severe anxiety and anxiety levels are significantly higher among females (P<0.05).

Conclusion:-We concluded that the nurses performing their duties with COVID-19 positive patients have good knowledge and attitude. But their anxiety levels are high. Psychological interventions along with training should be given.


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How to Cite

Alwani, S. S. ., Majeed, M. M., Ramzan, Z. ., Rauf, S. ., Syed, M. S., Shah, S. H., Hirwani, M. Z. ., & Hamirani, F. (2021). Evaluation of Knowledge, Practices, Attitude, and Anxiety of Nurses towards COVID-19 during the Current Outbreak in Karachi, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Public Health, 10(2), 82-90. https://doi.org/10.32413/pjph.v10i2.601