KNOWLEDGE Of ANTIBIOTIC USE, MISUSE AND ANTIBIOTIC RESISTANCE IN THE SLUM COMMUNITY IN KARACHI
Keywords:Antibiotic, knowledge, resistance, antimicrobial agents, excessive use
Background: Worldwide antimicrobial resistance is hugely increasing in the response of inappropriate antibiotic use. Our objectives were to assess knowledge of antibiotic use, misuse and antibiotic resistance in the slum community of Karachi.
Methods: This Community-based cross-sectional study was carried out Shireen Jinnah Colony in Karachi for the period of six months from 1st January to 30th June 2017.Subjects of both genders were approached through convenient non-probability sampling technique. Subjects of both genders having age 15 years and above and who were willing to participate in the study were included. An adapted and validated questionnaire was used for data collection.
Results: Out of total 120 subjects, the majority of 100 (83.3%) were males, 64 (53.3%) married, 36 (30%) were matriculate and 54.2% fell in the age group between 15-30 years of age. Majority of 77.5% participants never attended any seminar or workshop about antibiotic resistance. Most of 73.33% subjects answered that antibiotics are effective in treating both bacterial and viral infections. 60.83% of respondents purchase antibiotic with the prescription. 70 % of subjects knew about antibiotic adverse drug reaction. In addition, 60.83% stop the antibiotic medication when feeling better.
Conclusion: The study concluded the lack of knowledge of the use of antibiotics and the unnecessary and improper use of the antibiotic may cause antibiotic resistance.